Saraswoti Kunj Secondary School, Panauti
Vidhya Sagar Secondary School, Banepa
By Saraswoti Kunj Secondary School, Panauti
Subha Sajha Sainju
Health is defined as the state
of complete mental, physical and social well being and not merely
the absence of disease. Health is also known as the basic of life.
So, it is more precious than gold, diamond etc. To represent these
things, there is a popular saying : “When education is lost,
something is lost; but when health is lost, everything is lost”.
Also in other hand, health is also human right. So health is very
important. If health is important then health education is also
equally important to be healthy.
Health education means the education which aware the people to
improve health status of their community. This education is very
important to be protected from various diseases. Also this education
is important to develop the country.
Nepal is a developing country. Our country is a land locked country.
There are more villages than cities. Most of the people of our
country are illiterate, so they do not have any knowledge about
health education. In the past, the girls were not given education
because they thought that girls are born for doing housework.
Now also some people of villages are following this type of rule
which is not good.
The present condition of health services of our country is not
good. There are no sufficient health facilities like health post,
hospitals, clinics, etc. The number of doctors and nurses are
also less. Our country is rich in medicinal herbs. But they are
not being utilized properly. Instead of utilizing properly, they
are exported to other countries. So, if there is a serious problem,
the patients have to go to the foreign countries like Thailand
and India for treatment. The health facilities are also available
in the city areas and it is very expensive that poor people cannot
afford it. But in villages, there are lack of hospitals and clinics.
So, only the few people who live in town areas go to visit doctors
when they are sick. In villages, if any person is sick, they used
to go to the witch doctors. If there is cut in the hand or leg,
people use to cover them with clay or cow dung and they do not
know the use of cow dung in the cut may cause tetanus. The diseases
which are collapsed in the world are still found in our country
like malaria, jaundice, etc.
Thus, the present condition of health facilities of our country
is bad. Nowadays, for improvement of health facilities, many construction
works of hospitals, clinics and health posts are conducted. The
government is making an effort to provide health services to all
the people. Many foreign agencies are helping us to provide health
facilities in all the parts of our country.
To be healthy, we should do physical exercises everyday. We should
eat nutritious food which contains all the sorts of nutrients
in proper quantity. We should know the meaning and scope of personal
hygiene. And also we should aware the people about the saying
: “Prevention is better than cure”, that means it
is always wise that we should not let diseases attack us, instead
of finding ways to get rid of diseases.
Thus all the people must get education and they must know about
By Vidhya Sagar Secondary School, Banepa
Health Education in Banepa
Banepa is one of the developing towns of the south Asian country, Nepal. It has got its own importance in various sectors, while it has developed up to some extend in transportation, education, communication, health, etc.
In case of health sector of Banepa, it is satisfactorily developed. Here, the condition of health and health facilities is not so worse that the local people have to bother to go any other towns or cities for treatment. Different NGOs, clubs and others social organizations are actively working together to bring parallel health education to all the people. From time to time, they are carrying out some programmes, seminars, campaigns, distributing pamphlets or pasting posters to aware the people against both the common and critical diseases. Further, they are also distributing free medicines for some of the common diseases. They give full information to the people about the importance of maintenance of sanitation and clean and safe drinking water. The health facilities of Banepa can be categorized into three groups. They are as follows :
Sipiritual health service : It is present in the remote areas of Banepa. In this type of service shamans and quacks or in local language “Dhami”, “Jharkri” and “Jyatish” are providing the unscientific health services as per the religious beliefs and faiths.
Aayurvedic health service : It is the ancient method of treatment utilizing the local natural herbs. It is a trustworthy method because it can treat a wide range of diseases taking a bit long time duration.
Medical health service : Medical Health service includes all the hospitals, clinics and other health
centres with the modern scientific equipments. Here treatment is done as per the medical science by the dutiful doctors, nurses and other health services.
All these services are being achieved by the local people for the enhancement of their concept of health education. The table given below clearly illustrate the available facilities for health to the people (the given data is of Banepa Municipality of the year 2061 B.S./2004A.D.).
Number of hospitals : 3
Number of health centers : 7
Number of health posts : 2
Number of Ayurvedic aausadhalaya : 1
Population per doctor : 1020
Population per hospital bed : 653
The educational institutions like schools and colleges of Banepa are also vital components of health education. The government of Nepal has the provision that “Health Population and Environment” is the compulsory subject for secondary level. So in the schools students are given formal education regarding health and sanitation from the primary level only. So that, they would have the good concept of health education and they would also formulate the education into their daily and practical lives. Some of the colleges are also directly linked with health education. So that students can acquire the higher education in health education and brighten their present as well as future lives. Moreover some of the NGOs also do seminars in the institutions, which help the students to gain the knowledge regarding that aspect of health education which is not in their text book. Moreover, the Municipality of Banepa has been awaring the people about the importance of sanitation and also maintaining the sanitation of Banepa. Besides, the government of Nepal holds the vaccination programme from time to time throughout the year for the infants and as well as other adolescent children. In this way the development of health education in Banepa is growing day by day. People have been awaken from the traditional beliefs to the modern science and technology. Moreover, the pillars of Banepa, the children are also acquiring good concepts of health education. Hence in the near future we would be able to see Banepa with all its healthy and aware citizens.