Saraswoti Kunj Secondary School, Panauti
Vidhya Sagar Secondary School, Banepa
By Saraswoti Kunj Secondary School, Panauti
Nepal is a land-locked country situated between two big countries that are India and China. There are many hills and mountains in our country. There are a number of green forests in our country; it is the most important natural resource. Evergreen forests, coniferous forests and deciduous forests are found here.
In Nepal, there is one saying which means “forests are the wealth of Nepal”. We need forests for different purposes. We need grass, firewood, wood, different medical plants, timber, etc. And these all necessary things are provided by forests. It is also the habitat of different wild animals and birds. As there are many hills in our country, there are chances of landslides and soil erosion, but forests help to prevent these natural calamities and also provide us fresh air and environment.
Nepal being rich in natural resources, it is still not able to develop because the condition of forests and vegetation is very frightening now in our country. They are declining fast.
Along with causes, population growth is chiefly responsible for the depletion of the forests. More people mean more use of fuel and wood from the forests, more raw materials for industries and more rehabilitation programmes. For the increasing population, the land available for cultivation now is inadequate. So forests are cleared to extend agricultural land.
Although Nepal is rich in forests, we need to conserve these forests. As we know that all these destructive works are related to population growth, therefore rapid population increases should be stopped. And different government agencies of Nepal are also helping to control rapid population growth.
By Vidhya Sagar Secondary School, Banepa
Introduction of ours : We, the students of class nine have prepared a short description about "It's My Element". So here it goes, the name of the students involved in it :
Leader : Bharat Bajagain
No doubt Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in natural heritage. In fact it is the second richest country of the world regarding water resource as there are more than 6 000 rivers and rivulets and other water resources. Water is abundantly found over here in Nepal. The fresh water resources are great in numbers. A large number of perennial rivers are contributing Nepal in its economic as well as natural sites of Nepal. The fast flowing river that originates from the snowy peaks and the range of the mountains are helpful in many ways. The rivers, lakes, ponds, wells, streams, etc., are the common sources of water in Nepal. But the important water source is regarded as the mountain "The Young Himalayas" that are present in the northern part of Nepal which also forms the border of Nepal with China. The snow lakes, glaciers also act as the source of water. Numerous lakes like “Fewa Lake”, “Rara Lake”, “Begnas Lake”, “Tilicho Lake” and many other lakes are present in Nepal. The fast flowing rivers such as “The Mahakali”, “The Koshi”, “The Gandaki”, “The Karnali” and other small rivers are pivotal component of Nepalese land. From all these mentioned and unmentioned water resources, a huge amount of water is flowing towards the Bay of Bengal after being mixed with the rivers of India. Nepal is a land-locked country. So there are no seas and oceans bordering Nepal, thus, the river Mechi is forming the border between Nepal and India in the east and Mahakali is separating Nepalese land with India in the west. Thus the source of water, “The Great Himalayas” is also acting as the natural security guards of Nepal as it forms the border between Nepal and China in the North. Hence the water resource is one of the essential resources of Nepal.
Drinking water :
For the healthy and happy life, clean and pure drinking water is required. So to fulfill this demand many fresh water sources which are pure and safe to drink are present in Nepal and there is no scarcity of drinking water. But the system of supply of drinking water is poor. The clean water in the rivers is continuously following its tracks and finally leaving the Nepalese land. The people in city areas and also in some of the villages are facing the problems of drinking water. Sometimes the people face heart-rending situation too for the want of drinking water. The government has not been able to provide clean and safe drinking water to all its citizens as the government itself has poor economic condition. Even the pivotal site and the capital city of the country, Katmandu, is having drinking water problem due to the misuse of water in the rivers and water resources. The plans and policies are also not implemented efficiently in this regard.
Uses of water :
Since Nepal is an agricultural country, the water is used for irrigation of agricultural land. Fishing is also done in the rivers of Nepal.
The country can earn foreign currency by the means of exporting electricity. As well, it helps to light the darker parts of the country. So water is used for generating electricity.
For the basic purposes like clothing, washing, drinking, and cleaning and for other purposes water is used.
Many rivers and ponds are the habitation for aquatic animals.
Water mill can be established from the fast flowing rivers.
The tourists can enjoy rafting and boating in the rivers of Nepal.
Rivers and other water resources add beauty to the nature which helps to make our land not less than the paradise.
Condition of water resources :
Nepal is a developing country. Most of the people are illiterate. So they do not understand the importance and wise use of water resources. Also the people are not conscious about the importance of water resources. So the quality of water is being deteriorated. The skyrocketing population growth is causing pollution in the rivers and other water sources. Nepal is also a religious country. So during the time of religious practices, huge amount of wastes like residue, ashes obtained after the burning of wastes also cause water pollution. Due to the improper plans and policies, the government is not able to take over the problems happening in the water resources. Due to the mixing of industrial wastes and sewages in the water sources, the water has become unsuitable for drinking. The frequent occurrence of flood and landslide also pollute the water marking it unsuitable for drinking. As the growing population needs more land to establish settlement and for cultivation, the forest is being cleared. So the water sources are drying up. The unscientific construction of dams, canals and bridges cause water pollution. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in the land also increases the pollution when they mix with the water sources. In this way the rivers in Nepal are being polluted due to such human and natural activities.
To conclude, the water resources in Nepal are of great importance. Their assistance in the progress of the nation is incomparable. But in the same way the water resource is misused either knowingly or unknowingly. But it becomes the duty of all the Nepalese to maintain purity of the water and make it available for drinking. Thus, the water resource is the great boon to Nepal.