Jacques Monod Middle School, Ludres
Velaine sous Amance School
By Jacques Monod Middle School, Ludres
L’Abbé de l’Epée
We would like to talk about a famous French person : L’Abbé de l’Epée, and the founder of the LSF alphabet, also known as sign language. It is important for us, because Sarah is deaf.
L’Abbé de l’Epée was the fist person to create a system of gestures that came from the deaf themselves. He fought and achieved to impose the idea that the deaf are people like everyone else.
At the very beginning, l’Abbé de l’Epée only knew of a few gestures that he taught his students. Around 1760, he created a small school at his home where he openly received any deaf children that were sent to him. His goal was to teach them written French.
With the help of some natural gestures and some other signs that he invented, he put together a system that is well know for teaching French. By using “methodical signs”, he invented the LSF alphabet from natural gestures that his students used and from signs of his own invention to indicate time, people, nouns and verbs (grammatical signs). At the time of his death, l’Abbé de l’Epée had more than 100 students enrolled in his school.
In 1791, two years after his death, the National Assembly acknowledged his efforts by deciding to announce his name a donator to humanity and at the same time, they proclaimed that the deaf will receive all human rights.
The Institution of the Deaf since Birth was created by the Law of 21 and 29 of July 1791. Its objective was to continue the efforts of l’Abbé de l’Epée.
Jeanne d’Arc was a woman who heard voices. She was born in 1412 in Domrény within the Nancy region (in the North East of France). She was nicknamed The Virgin, because she never experienced sexual relations. She delivered France from the English. Jeanne d’Arc died because the English believed that she was a witch, and that all witches should be burnt alive at the stake. She was guilty of crimes against the Orthodox Church and was set on fire in Rouen in 1431.
The arrival of Jeanne d’Arc had a large influence on the unwinding of the Hundred Year War, especially at its ending. Jeanne allowed Charles VII to regain his crown and, thanks to her, the English experienced several defeats. She always believed in her divine mission; she never said otherwise, even at the time of her condemnation. The context that she had to work with did not play into her favour: the hesitation of different societies and cultures (on the French side), and the hostility from military and political forms against her actions (on the English side). Thus, Henri VI wrote in a letter that Jeanne shall be condemned by means of burning her, because they believed that she was dangerous for the population. Why Charles II didn’t intervene to save her live, when she had done so much for the king ? Here is a question that historians still cannot answer.
By Velaine sous Amance School
Victor Hugo is well known as a talentuous writer. He wrote poetry as well as novels like Les Misérables, a big book, and the Fall, a poetry. Victor Hugo lived from 1802 to 1885. Cosette is the main character of Les Misérables. Once upon a time was an orphan girl who was mistreated by her adoptive mother. One day, she goes to get water and sees a beautiful doll displayed in a store window. If you want to know the rest of the story, you will have to read the book !
Quentin Da Riz
Clovis was born in 465 and died in 511. Clovis was the first king of the Francs. He was crowned in 481. He spread his territory by fighting Romans and Visigoths. Clovis converted to the catholic religion around 496 following his wife’s advice. He then got the support of the Church and of very powerful Gallo Romans chiefs. The word « Franc » has Germanic origins and means « free » or « audacious ». While sharing their profits in Soisson, Clovis ordered that a vase should be given to the bishop, who had asked for it. A soldier broke it to provoke Clovis. A year later, Clovis threw the soldier’s weapon on the ground, saying that they were dirty. The soldier bended to pick them up and Clovis cut his head and said : « Remember, this is the way you broke the vase ! ».